top of page
  • Lloyd Price

Large language models: what is driving the hype behind LLM's in healthcare?



Executive Summary:


There are a number of factors driving the hype behind LLMs in healthcare. These include:

  • The increasing availability of data: LLMs are trained on massive datasets of text and code. The healthcare industry is generating more data than ever before, which is making it possible to train LLMs that can be used to improve patient care.

  • The decreasing cost of computing power: The cost of computing power has been decreasing steadily for many years. This has made it possible to train and deploy LLMs at scale.

  • The increasing demand for personalised healthcare: Patients are increasingly demanding personalized healthcare that is tailored to their individual needs. LLMs can be used to generate personalized treatment plans and recommendations, which can help to improve patient outcomes.

  • The potential to improve efficiency and accuracy: LLMs can be used to automate a variety of tasks in healthcare, such as scheduling appointments and generating reports. This can free up healthcare professionals to focus on providing care to patients. LLMs can also be used to improve the accuracy of diagnosis and treatment.

Overall, the hype behind LLMs in healthcare is driven by the potential of this technology to improve patient care. As LLMs continue to develop, we can expect to see even more innovative and effective applications of this technology in the years to come.


However, it is important to note that LLMs are still a relatively new technology, and there are some potential risks and limitations to their use in healthcare. For example, LLMs can be vulnerable to bias and security attacks. It is important to carefully consider these risks and limitations before deploying LLMs in healthcare settings.


Engage with the HealthTech Community


HealthTech M&A Newsletter from Nelson Advisors - Market Insights & Analysis for Founders & Investors. Subscribe today! https://lnkd.in/e5hTp_xb

HealthTech M&A Advisory by Founders for Founders, Owners & Investors. Buy Side, Sell Side, Growth and Strategy mandates - Email lloyd@nelsonadvisors.co.uk


HealthTech Thought Leadership from Nelson Advisors - Industry Insights & Analysis for Founders, Owners & Investors. Visit https://www.healthcare.digital


Intro to large language models


Large language models (LLMs) are a type of artificial intelligence (AI) that are trained on massive datasets of text and code. This allows them to generate text, translate languages, write different kinds of creative content, and answer your questions in an informative way.


In healthcare, LLMs are being used to improve patient care in a variety of ways, including:

  • Diagnosis and treatment: LLMs can be used to analyze patient data and identify potential health problems. They can also be used to generate treatment plans and recommend medications.

  • Research: LLMs can be used to analyze large datasets of medical research papers. This can help researchers to identify new trends and insights.

  • Education: LLMs can be used to create personalized learning experiences for healthcare professionals. They can also be used to create educational resources for patients and their families.

  • Administrative tasks: LLMs can be used to automate a variety of administrative tasks in healthcare, such as scheduling appointments and generating reports.

LLMs are still a relatively new technology, but they have the potential to revolutionize healthcare. By automating tasks, improving diagnosis and treatment, and supporting research, LLMs can help to make healthcare more efficient, effective, and accessible.


Here are some specific examples of how LLMs are being used in healthcare:

  • Babylon Health: Babylon Health is a UK-based company that uses LLMs to provide virtual healthcare services. Patients can use the Babylon app to chat with a doctor or nurse, who is assisted by an LLM. The LLM can help to diagnose conditions, recommend treatments, and answer questions.

  • InteliHealth: InteliHealth is a US-based company that uses LLMs to create personalized health plans. Patients can use the InteliHealth website to answer questions about their health and lifestyle. The LLM will then generate a personalized plan that includes recommendations for diet, exercise, and medication.

  • Google Health: Google Health is a personal health record (PHR) that uses LLMs to help patients manage their health. Patients can use Google Health to track their medical history, medications, and symptoms. The LLM can then generate reports and insights that can help patients to better understand their health.

These are just a few examples of how LLMs are being used in healthcare. As LLMs continue to develop, we can expect to see even more innovative and effective applications of this technology in the years to come.


Advantages of large language models in healthcare AI


Here are some of the advantages of using LLMs in healthcare:

  • Improved diagnosis and treatment: LLMs can be used to analyze patient data and identify potential health problems. They can also be used to generate treatment plans and recommend medications. This can help to improve the accuracy and efficiency of healthcare delivery.

  • Support for research: LLMs can be used to analyze large datasets of medical research papers. This can help researchers to identify new trends and insights that can lead to new treatments and cures.

  • Personalised learning experiences: LLMs can be used to create personalized learning experiences for healthcare professionals. This can help them to stay up-to-date on the latest medical knowledge and best practices.

  • Automated administrative tasks: LLMs can be used to automate a variety of administrative tasks in healthcare, such as scheduling appointments and generating reports. This can free up healthcare professionals to focus on providing care to patients.

Overall, LLMs have the potential to revolutionize healthcare by making it more efficient, effective, and accessible. As LLMs continue to develop, we can expect to see even more innovative and effective applications of this technology in the years to come.



Disadvantages of large language models in healthcare AI


LLMs are still a relatively new technology, but they have the potential to revolutionize healthcare. By automating tasks, improving diagnosis and treatment, and supporting research, LLMs can help to make healthcare more efficient, effective, and accessible.

However, there are also some potential disadvantages to using LLMs in healthcare, including:

  • Bias: LLMs are trained on massive datasets of text and code, which can introduce bias into the model. This bias can lead to inaccurate or unfair results, especially when the model is used to make decisions about patient care.

  • Accuracy: LLMs are still under development, and their accuracy can vary depending on the task at hand. In some cases, LLMs may not be accurate enough to be used in clinical settings.

  • Interpretability: LLMs are complex models, and it can be difficult to understand how they make decisions. This can make it difficult to trust the results of LLMs, especially in critical situations.

  • Security: LLMs can be vulnerable to security attacks, which could allow attackers to manipulate the model or steal sensitive data.

Overall, LLMs have the potential to revolutionize healthcare, but it is important to be aware of the potential risks and limitations of this technology. As LLMs continue to develop, it is important to ensure that they are used in a safe and responsible manner.


Future of large language models in healthcare AI


The future of large language models in healthcare AI is incredibly promising. These models, like ChatGPT, have the potential to revolutionize various aspects of healthcare by leveraging their ability to process and generate human-like text.

  1. Medical Diagnosis and Decision Support: Large language models can analyze patient symptoms, medical records, and relevant research to assist in diagnosing diseases and suggesting appropriate treatment plans. By integrating with electronic health records (EHRs) and other clinical data, these models can provide real-time decision support to healthcare professionals, leading to more accurate and efficient diagnoses.

  2. Drug Discovery and Development: Language models can aid in the process of drug discovery by analyzing vast amounts of scientific literature and identifying potential drug candidates or predicting their efficacy. This can significantly expedite the research and development of new drugs, potentially leading to faster and more effective treatments for various diseases.

  3. Patient Support and Education: Large language models can be used to provide personalized and easily accessible information to patients. They can answer common health-related questions, provide medication instructions, and offer guidance on lifestyle modifications. This can empower patients to make informed decisions about their health and improve overall healthcare outcomes.

  4. Natural Language Processing (NLP) for EHRs: Electronic health records contain a wealth of unstructured data, such as clinical notes and reports. Large language models can utilize NLP techniques to extract relevant information from these records, summarize patient histories, and identify patterns or insights that may not be immediately apparent to human reviewers. This can enhance clinical research, population health management, and disease surveillance.

  5. Virtual Assistants and Chatbots: Language models can serve as virtual assistants or chatbots that interact with patients, helping them schedule appointments, find healthcare providers, and provide basic medical advice. These models can simulate human-like conversations and offer a more personalized and accessible healthcare experience.

However, it is important to address potential challenges and ethical considerations in the deployment of large language models in healthcare AI. Issues like data privacy, bias in training data, and transparency in decision-making need to be carefully managed to ensure patient safety and trust.


Overall, large language models hold great potential to transform healthcare AI by enabling more accurate diagnoses, faster drug discovery, improved patient education, and streamlined healthcare workflows. With ongoing advancements in AI research and responsible deployment practices, these models can significantly enhance the quality and accessibility of healthcare services.


Engage with the HealthTech Community


HealthTech M&A Newsletter from Nelson Advisors - Market Insights & Analysis for Founders & Investors. Subscribe today! https://lnkd.in/e5hTp_xb

HealthTech M&A Advisory by Founders for Founders, Owners & Investors. Buy Side, Sell Side, Growth and Strategy mandates - Email lloyd@nelsonadvisors.co.uk


HealthTech Thought Leadership from Nelson Advisors - Industry Insights & Analysis for Founders, Owners & Investors. Visit https://www.healthcare.digital



1,261 views

Komentarze


Screenshot 2023-11-06 at 13.13.55.png
bottom of page